Rebecca Lee Crumpler was the first African American woman to become a physician in the United States. A Book of Medical Discourses was published in 1883. This publication, written by Crumpler, was one of the first books written about medicine by an African American.
Crumpler was born to Absolum Davis and Matilda Webber in Delaware but raised by her aunt in Pennsylvania. Her aunt spent the majority of her time caring for sick neighbors assuming this is where Crumpler’s career choice came into play. Crumpler worked as a nurse before she even attended school. The experience she gained while working with her aunt allowed her to be able to perform work without any formal training.