updated 1:38 PM UTC, Jan 24, 2013
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Author Kanika A. Reese

Author Kanika A. Reese

Rebecca Lee Crumpler The First Black Female Doctor

RXRebecca Lee Crumpler was the first African American woman to become a physician in the United States. A Book of Medical Discourses was published in 1883. This publication, written by Crumpler, was one of the first books written about medicine by an African American.

Crumpler was born to Absolum Davis and Matilda Webber in Delaware but raised by her aunt in Pennsylvania. Her aunt spent the majority of her time caring for sick neighbors assuming this is where Crumpler’s career choice came into play. Crumpler worked as a nurse before she even attended school. The experience she gained while working with her aunt allowed her to be able to perform work without any formal training.

Dorothy Irene Height

DorothyHeight(March 24, 1912 – April 20, 2010)

Ms. Height is credited as the first person in the modern civil rights era to treat the problems of equality for women and equality for African-Americans as a seamless whole. This was a merging concern that had historically been largely separate.

Originally trained as a social worker, she was president of the National Council of Negro Women for four decades. These dates stemmed from 1957 to 1997, overseeing a range of programs on issues like voting rights, poverty and, in later years, AIDS.

A longtime executive of the Y.W.C.A., she presided over the integration of its facilities nationwide in the 1940s.

In 1963, Ms. Height, by then president of the National Council of Negro Women, sat on the platform an arm’s length from Dr. King as he delivered his epochal “I Have a Dream” speech.

Ms. Height was one of the march’s chief organizers and a prizewinning speaker herself. She was

Richard Allen Founder Of The 1st Black Independent Denomination


Richard Allen (1760–1831), along with Absalom Jones and a few others, established the African American Episcopal Church in Philadelphia in 1787. Allen broke away from the Methodist Episcopal Church when officials at St. George’s pulled blacks off their knees while they prayed at the alter. The AMEC grew out of the Free African Society (FAS). FAS members quickly realized how far African Americans would go to enforce racial discrimination against African Americans.

The members of the FAS made plans to create their own affiliation at St. George’s into an exclusive African American congregation. While some were still unsure most wanted to continue their affiliation with the Protestant Episcopal Church, Allen was able to lead a small group to remain Methodist.

Finally in 1794 Bethel AME was dedicated to Allen as pastor. Allen successfully sued the Pennsylvania courts in

He Built It!

Paul R. Williams "If I allow the fact that I am a Negro to checkmate my will to do, now, I will inevitably form the habit of being defeated."

-Paul R. Williams

February 18, 1894 – January 23, 1980

In 1921 Paul R. Williams was certified as the first African American architect west of the Mississippi. After attending elementary school he then became the only African American student at the Los Angeles School of Art and Design and the New York Beau-Arts Institute of Design. While working as a landscape architect Williams continued his journey and attended the University of Southern California’s School of Engineering. He designed several buildings while a student there and continued until his certification.

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